The characteristic of children under 6 years of age is that it is almost impossible to teach them; children of this age cannot take from a teacher. Therefore they are considered to be too young to go to school and therefore education does not begin until 6 years of age. Another characteristic of this age is that the children know and understand a great deal. They are full of knowledge. This would seem to be a contradiction, but the truth is that these children must take knowledge by themselves from the environment.
|Materials in the Primary Classroom|
Essential to any Montessori classroom are the carefully designed educational materials which inspire children to self-directed learning in a broad range of areas.
The entire range of materials used in the primary classroom were all designed and developed by Maria Montessori herself. They appeal to a child's desire for order and exactness in the way they are crafted and the way they are used. The materials are unique in that the child can use them again and again as the child's development and understanding require. For example, the short bead chains might be used for counting, skip counting, adding, subtracting, or multiplying, depending on the needs of the child at that particular stage in the child's development.
Montessori materials are classified into six categories: